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Inflammation of the gums and is the early stage of gum disease. It is very common in dogs and is treatable. Gingivitis is caused by bacteria that accumulates due to plaque and tartar buildup. The inflammation of the gums may become painful, and the gums may even start to bleed. Gingivitis is preventable in dogs with regular teeth brushing 



Substance that forms on the teeth after a meal. Plaque begins to harden by combining with salts presented in the saliva. As the plaque continues to accumulate, it could transforms into tartar.


AT- Attrition (worn tooth)

It is a type of tooth wear caused by tooth-to-tooth contact, resulting in loss of tooth tissue, usually starting at the incisal or occlusal surfaces.It also happen when dog is getting old.


CR- Crowding

A misalignment of a dog's teeth or malocclusion. It occurs when their bite does not fit accordingly. This may begin as the puppy's teeth come in and usually worsens as their adult teeth follow.


E - Enamel Defect/Stain

Developmental enamel defects represent  a cosmetic alteration of the crown of teeth and brown-to-tan discoloration that indicates that the underlying dentin may be exposed to the oral environment.


EP - Epulis

Epulis is a kind of tumor located in the gum near the dog's teeth. It is also known as a gum boil. The tumor usually originates in the tissue that connects the teeth to the bone of the jaw. These types of tumors are most of the times benign. 


F- Furcation Exposure

Furcation is a normal anatomical region where the roots begin to diverge in a multirooted tooth. Normally, this area is sealed from the oral environment by the periodontium (gingiva, periodontal ligament, alveolar bone, cementum). 


GR- Gum Recession

It is an inflammation of some or all of a tooth's deep supporting structures. Today, it is one of the most common diseases in dogs. This usually leads to bone loss, tissue destruction and pus formation in the cavities between the gum and teeth.


H - Hyperplasia (gingival)

It is a  medical conditon in which a dog's gum (gingival) tissue becomes inflamed and enlarged. Enlargement is typically caused by irritation due to dental plaque or other bacterial growth along the gum line. In many cases, this can be prevented with good oral hygiene habits


M - Mobility Tooth

Abnormal, pathologic tooth mobility occurs when the attachment of the periodontal ligament to the tooth is reduced (attachment loss), or if the periodontal ligament is inflamed.

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O- Missing tooth

Dogs normally have 42 adult permanent teeth. You may see spaces or gaps between teeth and then realize that he is missing teeth. There are a variety of reasons that your dog can be missing teeth such as: Losing deciduous teeth, genetic faults, periodontal disease, embedded teeth hormone loss, chewing rocks, wrong type of chew toys.

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PE - Pulp Exposure

In dogs, fractured teeth commonly occur after chewing on an inappropriately hard item.If the inner pulp is exposed, it is painful, and infection will be developed


PU - Pulpitis

Pulpitis refers to the damage or death of the living tissue in the core of the teeth, also known as the pulp. 

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R -Rotate Tooth

Rotated and/or crowded conditions can occur in a single tooth, in multiple teeth, or in any combination.Not all rotated and crowded teeth are problematic


RP -  Retained Primary Tooth

A deciduous dog tooth is considered retained as soon as the permanent (adult) tooth erupts. The most common cause for a deciduous tooth to be persistent is an incorrect eruption path of the permanent position.


RE - Root Exposure

The root exposure forms when there is a gum recession caused by a bacteria/calculus that inflame the gums. 

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